Engine Electrical
Item Measurement Qualification Standard or New Service Limit 
Ignition coil Rated voltage  12 V 
Firing order  1-3-4-2 
Spark plug Type L13A5 (KY model) and L15A4 (IN model) engines NGK: BKR5E-11
DENSO: K16PR-U11 
Except L13A5 (KY model), L15A1, and L15A4 (IN model) engines NGK: BKR6E-11
DENSO: K20PR-U11 
L15A1 engine NGK: IZFR6K13
DENSO: SKJ20DR-M13 
Gap Except L15A1 engine 1.0-1.1 mm (0.039-0.043 in.) ——— 
L15A1 engine 1.2-1.3 mm (0.047-0.051 in.) 1.5 mm (0.059 in.) 
Ignition timing Except L15A1, L15A5 engines At idle (check the red mark) M/T (in neutral): 8±2 ° BTDC 
CVT (in N or P position): 8±2 ° BTDC 
L15A1, L15A5 engines At idle (check the red mark) M/T (in neutral): 12±2 ° BTDC 
CVT (in N or P position): 8±2 ° BTDC 
Drive belt
NOTE: Adjust a new belt to the new belt spec., run the engine for 5 minutes, then readjust it to the used belt spec. 
Deflection with 98 N (10 kgf, 22 lbf) applied mid way between pulleys Without A/C (with A/C, see ‘‘Compressor belt'' in the A/C table) Used belt: 7.5-10.5 mm (0.30-0.41 in.)
 
New belt: 4.5-6.0 mm (0.18-0.24 in.) 
Tension (measured with belt tension gauge) Without A/C (with A/C, see ‘‘Compressor belt'' in the A/C table) Used belt: 440-590 N (45-60 kgf, 99-130 lbf)
 
New belt: 981-1,080 N (100-110 kgf, 220-243 lbf) 
Alternator Output At 13.5 V and normal engine temperature 75 A 
Coil (rotor) resistance At 20 °C (68 °F) 2.6-2.9 W 
Slip ring O.D.  22.7 mm (0.89 in.) 21.7 mm (0.85 in.) 
Brush length  19.0 mm (0.75 in.) 5 mm (0.20 in.) 
Brush spring tension  3.3-4.1 N (0.34-0.42 kgf, 0.7-0.9 lbf) 

Item Measurement Qualification Standard or New Service Limit 
Starter Output L12A1, L12A3, L13A1, L13A3, L13A4, and L13A5 engines for M/T model 0.6 kW 
L13A1, L13A3, L13A4, and L13A5 engines for CVT model 0.7 kW 
L15A1, L15A2, and L15A4 engines 0.7 kW 
L13A2 engine 1.0 kW 
Commutator mica depth  0.45-0.75 mm (0.018-0.030 in.) 0.2 mm (0.008 in.) 
Commutator runout  0.05 mm (0.002 in.) max. 0.4 mm (0.02 in.) 
Commutator O.D.  27.9-28.0 mm (1.098-1.102 in.) 27.0 mm (1.06 in.) 
Brush length  9.7-10.3 mm (0.38-0.41 in.) 6 mm (0.2 in.) 

Engine Assembly
Item Measurement Qualification Standard or New Service Limit 
Compression Pressure
Check the engine with the starter cranking 
Minimum 980 kPa (10.0 kgf/cm2, 142 psi) ——— 
Maximum variation 200 kPa (2.0 kgf/cm2, 28 psi) ——— 

Cylinder Head
Item Measurement Qualification Standard or New Service Limit 
Head Warpage  ——— 0.08 mm (0.003 in.) 
Height  119.9-120.1 mm (4.720-4.728 in.) ——— 
Camshaft End play  0.05-0.25 mm (0.002-0.010 in.) 0.5 mm (0.02 in.) 
Camshaft-to-holder oil clearance  0.045-0.084 mm (0.0018-0.0033 in.) 0.100 mm (0.004 in.) 
Total runout  0.03 mm (0.001 in.) max. 0.04 mm (0.002 in.) 
Cam lobe height
L12A1 and L12A3 engines 
Intake 35.471 mm (1.3965 in.) ——— 
Exhaust 35.444 mm (1.3954 in.) ——— 
Cam lobe height
L13A1, L13A2, L13A3, L13A4, L13A5, L15A2, and L15A4 engines 
Intake 35.471 mm (1.3965 in.) ——— 
Exhaust 35.558 mm (1.3999 in.) ——— 
Cam lobe height
L15A1 engine 
Intake, primary 35.3799 mm (1.39291 in.) ——— 
Intake, secondary 30.5291 mm (1.20193 in.) ——— 
Exhaust 35.3877 mm (1.39321 in.) ——— 
Valve Clearance (cold) Intake 0.15-0.19 mm (0.006-0.007 in.) ——— 
Exhaust 0.26-0.30 mm (0.010-0.012 in.) ——— 
Stem O.D. Intake 5.48-5.49 mm (0.216-0.216 in.) 5.45 mm (0.215 in.) 
Exhaust 5.45-5.46 mm (0.215-0.215 in.) 5.42 mm (0.213 in.) 
Stem-to-guide clearance Intake 0.020-0.050 mm (0.0008-0.0020 in.) 0.08 mm (0.003 in.) 
Exhaust 0.050-0.080 mm (0.0020-0.0031 in.) 0.11 mm (0.004 in.) 
Valve seat Width Intake 0.850-1.150 mm (0.0335-0.0453 in.) 1.60 mm (0.063 in.) 
Exhaust 1.250-1.550 mm (0.0492-0.0610 in.) 2.00 mm (0.079 in.) 
Stem installed height Intake 46.1-46.5 mm (1.815-1.831 in.) 46.8 mm (1.843 in.) 
Exhaust 46.2-46.6 mm (1.819-1.835 in.) 46.9 mm (1.846 in.) 
Valve spring Free length Intake 50.52 mm (1.989 in.) ——— 
Exhaust 57.37 mm (2.259 in.) ——— 
Valve guide I.D. Intake 5.51-5.53 mm (0.217-0.218 in.) 5.55 mm (0.219 in.) 
Exhaust 5.51-5.53 mm (0.217-0.218 in.) 5.55 mm (0.219 in.) 
Installed height Intake 15.85-16.35 mm (0.624-0.644 in.) ——— 
Exhaust 15.85-16.35 mm (0.624-0.644 in.) ——— 
Rocker arm Arm-to-shaft clearance Intake 0.019-0.058 mm (0.0007-0.0023 in.) 0.08 mm (0.003 in.) 
Exhaust 0.019-0.058 mm (0.0007-0.0023 in.) 0.08 mm (0.003 in.) 

Engine Block
Item Measurement Qualification Standard or New Service Limit 
Block Warpage of deck  0.07 mm (0.003 in.) max. 0.10 mm (0.004 in.) 
Bore diameter  73.00-73.02 mm (2.8740-2.8748 in.) 73.07 mm (2.8767 in.) 
Bore taper  ——— 0.05 mm (0.002 in.) 
Reboring limit  ——— 0.25 mm (0.01 in.) 
Piston Skirt O.D. at 13 mm (0.5 in.) from bottom of skirt  72.98-72.99 mm (2.8732-2.8736 in.) 72.97 mm (2.8728 in.) 
Clearance in cylinder  0.010-0.040 mm (0.0004-0.0016 in.) 0.05 mm (0.002 in.) 
Ring groove width Top 1.050-1.060 mm (0.0413-0.0417 in.) 1.08 mm (0.043 in.) 
Second 1.220-1.230 mm (0.0481-0.0484 in.) 1.250 mm (0.0492 in.) 
Oil 2.005-2.020 mm (0.0789-0.0795 in.) 2.050 mm (0.0807 in.) 
Piston ring Ring-to-groove clearance Top 0.065-0.090 mm (0.0026-0.0035 in.) 0.15 mm (0.006 in.) 
Second 0.030-0.055 mm (0.0012-0.0022 in.) 0.13 mm (0.005 in.) 
Ring end gap Top 0.15-0.30 mm (0.006-0.012 in.) 0.60 mm (0.024 in.) 
Second 0.35-0.50 mm (0.014-0.020 in.) 0.65 mm (0.026 in.) 
Oil 0.20-0.70 mm (0.008-0.028 in.) 0.80 mm (0.031 in.) 
Piston pin O.D.  17.997-18.000 mm (0.7085-0.7087 in.) ——— 
Pin-to-piston clearance  0.010-0.017 mm (0.0004-0.0007 in.) ——— 
Connecting rod Pin-to-rod interference  0.019-0.036 mm (0.0007-0.0014 in.) ——— 
Small-end bore diameter  17.964-17.977 mm (0.707-0.708 in.) ——— 
Large-end bore diameter Nominal 43.0 mm (1.69 in.) ——— 
End play installed on crankshaft  0.15-0.30 mm (0.006-0.012 in.) 0.40 mm (0.016 in.) 
Crankshaft Main journal diameter  49.976-50.000 mm (1.9676-1.9685 in.) ——— 
Rod journal diameter  39.976-40.000 mm (1.5739-1.5748 in.) ——— 
Rod/main journal taper  0.005 mm (0.0002 in.) max. 0.010 mm (0.0004 in.) 
Rod/main journal out-of-round  0.005 mm (0.0002 in.) max. 0.010 mm (0.0004 in.) 
End play  0.10-0.35 mm (0.004-0.014 in.) 0.45 mm (0.018 in.) 
Runout  0.03 mm (0.0012 in.) max. 0.04 mm (0.0016 in.) 
Crankshaft bearing Main bearing-to-journal oil clearance  0.018-0.036 mm (0.0007-0.0014 in.) 0.05 mm (0.0020 in.) 
Rod bearing clearance  0.020-0.038 mm (0.0008-0.0015 in.) 0.05 mm (0.0020 in.) 

Engine Lubrication
Item Measurement Qualification Standard or New Service Limit 
Engine oil Capacity Engine overhaul 4.2 L (4.4 US qt, 3.7 Imp qt) 
Oil change including oil filter 3.6 L (3.8 US qt, 3.2 Imp qt) 
Oil change without oil filter 3.4 L (3.6 US qt, 3.0 Imp qt) 
Oil pump Inner rotor-to-outer rotor clearance  0.02-0.14 mm (0.001-0.006 in.) 0.20 mm (0.008 in.) 
Pump housing-to-outer rotor clearance  0.10-0.18 mm (0.004-0.007 in.) 0.20 mm (0.008 in.) 
Pump housing-to-rotor axial clearance  0.02-0.07 mm (0.001-0.003 in.) 0.15 mm (0.006 in.) 
Relief valve Relief valve, oil pressure with oil temperature at 80 °C (176 °F) At idle 70 kPa (0.7 kgf/cm2, 10 psi) min. ——— 
At 3,000 rpm (min-1340 kPa (3.5 kgf/cm2, 50 psi) min. ——— 

Cooling
Item Measurement Qualification Standard or New 
With Heater Without Heater 
Radiator Coolant capacity (Includes engine, heater, and reservoir)
(Except L13A3 and L15A1 (KQ model) engines)
(Aluminum radiator) 
M/T: engine overhaul 5.5 L (5.8 US qt, 4.8 Imp qt) 4.9 L (5.1 US qt, 4.3 Imp qt) 
M/T: coolant change 3.9 L (4.1 US qt, 3.4 Imp qt) 3.3 L (3.5 US qt, 2.9 Imp qt) 
CVT: engine overhaul 5.4 L (5.7 US qt, 4.7 Imp qt) 4.8 L (5.0 US qt, 4.2 Imp qt) 
CVT: coolant change 3.8 L (4.0 US qt, 3.3 Imp qt) 3.2 L (3.4 US qt, 2.8 Imp qt) 
Coolant capacity (Includes engine, heater, and reservoir)
(Except L13A3 and L15A1 (KQ model) engines)
(Copper radiator) 
M/T: engine overhaul 5.6 L (5.9 US qt, 4.9 Imp qt) 5.0 L (5.2 US qt, 4.3 Imp qt) 
M/T: coolant change 4.0 L (4.2 US qt, 3.5 Imp qt) 3.4 L (3.6 US qt, 3.0 Imp qt) 
CVT: engine overhaul 5.5 L (5.8 US qt, 4.8 Imp qt) 4.9 L (5.1 US qt, 4.3 Imp qt) 
CVT: coolant change 3.9 L (4.1 US qt, 3.4 Imp qt) 3.3 L (3.5 US qt, 2.9 Imp qt) 
Coolant capacity (Includes engine, heater, and reservoir)
(L13A3 engine)
(Aluminum radiator) 
M/T: engine overhaul 5.6 L (5.9 US qt, 4.9 Imp qt) 5.0 L (5.2 US qt, 4.4 Imp qt) 
M/T: coolant change 4.0 L (4.2 US qt, 3.5 Imp qt) 3.4 L (3.6 US qt, 3.0 Imp qt) 
CVT: engine overhaul 5.5 L (5.8 US qt, 4.6 Imp qt) 4.9 L (5.1 US qt, 4.3 Imp qt) 
CVT: coolant change 3.9 L (4.1 US qt, 3.4 Imp qt) 3.3 L (3.5 US qt, 2.9 Imp qt) 
Coolant capacity (Includes engine, heater, and reservoir)
(L13A3 engine)
(Copper radiator) 
M/T: engine overhaul 5.7 L (6.0 US qt, 5.0 Imp qt) 5.1 L (5.3 US qt, 4.4 Imp qt) 
M/T: coolant change 4.1 L (4.3 US qt, 3.6 Imp qt) 3.5 L (3.7 US qt, 3.1 Imp qt) 
CVT: engine overhaul 5.6 L (5.9 US qt, 4.9 Imp qt) 5.0 L (5.2 US qt, 4.4 Imp qt) 
CVT: coolant change 4.0 L (4.2 US qt, 3.5 Imp qt) 3.4 L (3.6 US qt, 3.0 Imp qt) 
Coolant capacity (Includes engine, heater, hoses, and reservoir)
(L15A1 (KQ model) engine) 
M/T: engine overhaul 5.4 L (5.7 US qt, 4.7 Imp qt) 
M/T: coolant change 3.8 L (4.0 US qt, 3.3 Imp qt) 
CVT: engine overhaul 5.3 L (5.6 US qt, 4.7 Imp qt) 
CVT: coolant change 3.7 L (3.9 US qt, 3.3 Imp qt) 
Reservoir Coolant capacity  0.4 L (0.4 US qt, 0.4 Imp qt) 
Radiator cap Opening pressure  93-123 kPa (0.95-1.25 kgf/cm2, 14-18 psi) 
Thermostat Opening temperature
(Except KN, KY, KZ, IN, and KP models) 
Begins to open 80-84 °C (176-183 °F) 
Fully open 95 °C (203 °F) 
Opening temperature
(KN, KY, KZ, IN, and KP models) 
Begins to open 76-80 °C (169-176 °F) 
Fully open 90 °C (194 °F) 
Valve lift at fully open  8.0 mm (0.31 in.) min. 
Thermoswitch Switching temperature Turns ON 91-95 °C (196-203 °F) 
Turns OFF Subtract 3-8 °C (5-15 °F) from actual ON temperature 

Fuel and Emissions
Item Measurement Qualification Standard or New Service Limit 
Fuel pressure regulator Pressure with fuel pressure gauge connected  320-370 kPa (3.3-3.8 kgf/cm2, 47-54 psi) 
Fuel tank Capacity  42 L (11 US gal, 9 Imp gal) 
Engine idle Idle speed without a load
(L12A1 and L12A3 engines) 
M/T in neutral 700±50 rpm (min-1——— 
CVT in N or P position 700±50 rpm (min-1——— 
Idle speed without a load
(L13A1, L13A2, L13A4, and L13A5 engines) 
M/T in neutral 650±50 rpm (min-1
CVT in N or P position 750±50 rpm (min-1
Idle speed without a load
(L15A1, L15A2, and L15A4 engines) 
M/T in neutral 750±50 rpm (min-1——— 
CVT in N or P position 750±50 rpm (min-1——— 
Idle speed with HVAC on M/T in neutral 850±50 rpm (min-1——— 
CVT in N or P position 850±50 rpm (min-1——— 
Idle CO  0.1 % max. 

Clutch
Item Measurement Qualification Standard or New Service Limit 
Clutch pedal Height from floor LHD model 163 mm (6.42 in.) ——— 
RHD model 150 mm (5.91 in.) ——— 
Stroke  130-140 mm (5.12-5.51 in.) ——— 
Play  6-20 mm (0.2-0.8 in.) ——— 
Disengagement height from the floor LHD model 72 mm (2.8 in.) min. ——— 
RHD model 61 mm (2.40 in.) ——— 
Flywheel Runout on clutch mating surface  0.05 mm (0.002 in.) max. 0.15 mm (0.006 in.) 
Clutch disc Rivet head depth  1.1-1.6 mm (0.043-0.063 in.) 0.2 mm (0.08 in.) 
Thickness  7.25-7.95 mm (0.29-0.31 in.) 5.0 mm (0.20 in.) 
Pressure plate Warpage  0.03 mm (0.001 in.) max. 0.15 mm (0.006 in.) 
Height of diaphragm spring fingers Measure with feeler gauge and special tool 0.8 mm (0.03 in.) max. 1.0 mm (0.04 in.)